It's the second biggest country in the world, it's right next door to the North, and what do you know about Canada? Cold, hockey beer, eh? There is more. Let's start with the basics. It is the second largest country in the world, in area. A confederation with a democratically elected parliament. The leader is still Queen Elizabeth, with a representative in Ottawa, but also the Prime Minister, currently the leader of the Liberal Party. Thirty- one- million people live there, and the GDP per person is about $22,500 a year.