Click here for the Southern Poverty Law Center online and information about their annual assessment of hate groups in the United States.More >>
Click here for the Southern Poverty Law Center online and information about the organization's annual assessment of hate groups in the United States. More >>
The number of far-right extremist groups fell significantly in 2013 for the first time in a decade, according to a report issued Tuesday by the Southern Poverty Law Center.
However, the organization warns that, "with a total of more than 2,000 groups, the radical right remains at historically high levels."
That's the conclusion reached in the SPLC's annual count of hate groups and extremists in the U.S.
SPLC describes itself as a non-profit civil rights organization dedicated to combating "hate, intolerance and discrimination through education, litigation and advocacy."
They say their annual Intelligence Report "tracks the activities of hate groups and monitors militia and other extremist, antigovernment activity."
"The radical right is growing leaner and meaner," said SPLC senior fellow and report editor Mark Potok in a statement released Tuesday afternoon. "The numbers are down somewhat, but the potential for violence remains high.
"Moreover, there is a disturbing dynamic at play," Potok says. "At the same time that the number of extremist groups is dropping, there is more mainstream acceptance of radical-right ideas."
The report, contained in the Spring 2014 issue of the SPLC's quarterly investigative journal, Intelligence Report, can be read at www.splcenter.org. Readers will also find a state-by-state list of hate groups and an interactive map.
The following are more details released Tuesday by the SPLC, which has been called a hate group itself by it's critics:
In its annual count, the SPLC found that the number of hate groups dropped by 7 percent – from 1,007 in 2012 to 939 in 2013. Hate groups reached a peak in 2011 with 1,018 groups.
They say the more significant decline came within the antigovernment "Patriot" movement, composed of armed militias, "sovereign citizens," and other conspiracy-minded organizations that see the federal government as their enemy. These groups fell 19 percent – from 1,360 groups in 2012 (an all-time high) to 1,096 in 2013. The decline followed an unprecedented rise that began in 2008, the year President Obama was elected, when a mere 149 Patriot groups were operating.
The SPLC says the president's 2012 re-election – unexpected by many on the right – appears to have drained energy from the movement. Other factors that apparently are contributing to the decline are an improving economy, crackdowns by law enforcement, and the adoption of far-right issues by mainstream politicians.
A number of state legislatures, for example, have either passed or considered bills to "nullify" federal laws they oppose, an unconstitutional tactic pushed by Patriot groups. The Republican National Committee has taken a page from the John Birch Society by championing opposition to Agenda 21, a U.N. sustainability plan portrayed as a "New World Order" conspiracy. And at least seven states have passed laws to prevent Islamic Shariah law from being used in U.S. courts, based on a groundless fear promoted by anti-Muslim hate groups.
The decline in extremist groups has not dampened the violence and terrorism coming out of the movement and indeed has the potential to prompt frustrated "lone wolf" extremists to act. Extremist violence over the past year included the assassination of Colorado's prison chief at his home by a white supremacist gang member. Also, a member of the Ku Klux Klan was arrested in a plot to build a radiation weapon to kill Muslims – a weapon he described as "Hiroshima on a light switch." Numerous other plots of violence were disrupted by law enforcement.
Also in this issue, the Intelligence Report documents how extremists are using mainstream online businesses to help fund their movement. Operators of some hate websites have used PayPal for online transactions, for example, despite PayPal banning such activity in its terms of service. Others have earned commissions by referring their visitors to Amazon for purchases. The online retailer also offers some hate group publications for sale.
The hate groups listed in this report include neo-Nazis, white nationalists, neo-Confederates, racist skinheads, Klansmen and black separatists. Other hate groups on the list target LGBT people, Muslims or immigrants, and some specialize in producing racist music or propaganda denying the Holocaust."